Premature or early death can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyle such as tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption. Among the preventable diseases that may arise due to smoking and alcohol consumption include premature stroke. Tobacco smoking and alcoholic abuse are unhealthy behaviors that could trigger preventable deaths and mortality from stroke. Studies show that eradicating these unhealthy lifestyle and behavior can help reduce the risks of deaths arising from premature strokes in the younger and older population alike.
Alcohol and premature stroke
A research conducted by the University of Lille Nord de France of Lille in France researchers showed that there is an increased risk for premature stroke among heavy drinkers. This fact was reported in the Neurology Journal. The risk was attributed to individuals who regularly drink alcohol and categorized to be heavy drinkers, meaning they consume at least 1.6 ounces of pure alcohol every day. It also appears that heavy drinkers experience stroke 14 years earlier than those who do not drink alcohol heavily. The mortality rate of heavy drinkers is higher even among the younger patients who had a stroke and heavy drinkers. Their chances of survival usually take shorter than non-heavy drinker patients and they are likely to die within 24 months post stroke incidence.
Unhealthy lifestyle is also attributed among heavy drinkers. They tend to be tobacco smokers and are likely to experience liver complications. Heavy drinkers have evidently prone to blood abnormalities and their risk to the bleeding stroke is high. A study conducted by Dr. Ti-Kai Lee from the Department of Internal Medicine of the National Taiwan University in China showed that alcohol consumption is a risk factor to the development of thromboembolic stroke. The prevalence of excessive drinking with more 367.6 g/wk of alcohol can cause cerebral infarction. Thus, the chances for the occurrence of premature stroke and early deaths due to stroke is high among alcohol heavy drinkers.
Smoking – A Risk Factor for Premature Stroke
In the same study of Dr. Ti-Kai Lee, it was reported that cigarette consumption of more than 30 pack years can be a significant risk factor for the development of all types of stroke. As a matter of fact smoking has become an independent risk factor for premature stroke and cerebral infarction than alcohol consumption. Based on a clinical study published in the British Medical Journal which objective is to understand the relation between smoking, hypertension and stroke, cigarette smokers have three-fold chance of developing hypertension and stroke than non-smokers. Hypertensive smokers have 20 fold risks to experience premature stroke.
The Canadian Stroke Congress even declared that s are not only twice as likely to suffer from strokes but they are almost 10 years younger of experiencing it than their non-smokers counterparts. Patients who are non-smokers have an average lifespan of 67 while smokers have a lifespan of only 58. This piece of evidence showed that smoking can shorten the life of an individual because it increases their risks for preventive diseases like stroke and cardiovascular diseases.
Cigarettes have nicotine that could cause the buildup of debris in the walls of the blood vessels causing it to harden. This is a condition called atherosclerosis which increases the risk for clot formation that triggers a stroke attack. In a study made by Dr. Mike Sharma and Dr. Robert Reid from the Ottawa Hospital, its outcome is almost consistent with other clinical studies which showed that smoking doubles the risk for ischemic stroke (a stroke that is caused by blood clots in the brain). Smoking also increases the risk for hemorrhagic stroke which is due to ruptured blood vessels in the brain. More complications are also possible among smokers which could worsen their condition and increases the chance for recurrent strokes to occur. Stroke patients who continue to smoke will have 10 times at risk to experience a major stroke.
Healthy behavior reduces the risks
Tobacco smoking and alcohol consumptions are due to unhealthy behavior and lifestyle. Premature stroke is a preventable condition. The moment a person stops smoking and taking alcohol, their risk for stroke and heart ailments will decrease. Accordingly, smokers who quit their smoking and alcohol consumption will have the same risk for strokes as non-smokers after 18 months of abstinence from alcoholic drinks and smoking.
Among the important preventive measures against premature smoke is smoking and alcohol consumption cessation, maintaining a healthy cholesterol level, eating a healthy diet, getting exercise and physical activities. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported that stroke has become a long-term disability and about 5 percent of the people who suffered from stroke are between the age of 18 and 44 in 2007. This is an alarming statistic that proves how prevalent premature stroke becomes in the younger population even when stroke is a preventive disease. With a healthy lifestyle however the risk for premature death and stroke is reduced.